Peter II


Preceeded by: Augustus, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Reign: 27/2/1853-13/6/1900
Succeeded by: Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

Peter
1866 1 Thaler
Ob. NICOLAUS FRIEDR. PETER GR. H. V. OLDENBURG
Rev. EIN VEREINSTHALER XXX EIN PFUND FEIN
Edge: GOTT EIN RECHT EINE WAHRHEIT
Silver 0.9000
18.520g
mintage: 72,000
Mint: Hannover
MM: ?
Peter


Titles: Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Born: 8/7/1827
Died: 13/6/1900
Father: Augustus, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Mother: Princess Ida of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Married to: Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg
Children: Frederick Augustus (1852-1931)
Georg Ludwig (1855-1939)
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Flag of Oldenburg 1774-1918 Location of Oldenburg
Coat of arms of Oldenburg

Peter II was born on July 8th 1827 and ruled from 1853 until his death in 1900. As a youth he served as a Prussian calvery officer as well a a general for Hanoverian infantry. His wife, who he married in 1852 was a sister of both Queen Marie of Hanover and Grand Duchess Alexandra of Russia. It was his ties to Russia that led him to side with Russia during the Crimean War. In 1867 he entered into a military compact with Russia in which his troops were incorporated into the corps of Prince Frederick of Prussia during the Franco Prussian war.

The house of Oldenburg was an ancient one and has contributed to the ruling houses of Denmark, Scandanivia and Russia and it is said that it was decended from the Saxon Wittekind, a leader of Charlemagne's armies. The duchy was encorporated into the kingdom of Westphalia by Napoleon in 1810, but the Congress of Vienna gave it back to it's former rulers with an additional 400 square miles and 50,000 inhabitants as well as elevating the duchy to a Grand-duchy. In 1854 Peter sold 3,154 acres of land near the North Sea to Prussia for 500,000 thalers. Peter received a civil list amount of 85,000 thalers annually in addition to an allowance from the public purse of 85,000 thalers. He also had a private income of some 40,000 thalers from his private estates.

The Grand duchy contributed to the Confederation (disolved at the time of the photograph) and the estimated military strength was:
Infantry - 2910 men
Cavalry - 460 men
Artillery - 370 men
By convension Peter also supplied a battery of twelve pieces of ordance to both Bremen and Lubeck. Peter ruled over an area of some 2,417 square miles with a population in 1861 of 295,242 inhabitants. Their breakdown is:
Religion Number
Lutherans 191,877
Roman Catholics 72,939
United Evangelicals 25,916
Calvinists 1,369
Jews 1,497

>
Peter, a Lutherian, died at his summer residence in Rastede and is buried at Ducal (Herzogliches) Mausoleum, Gertrudenfriedhof in Oldenburg.

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