1859 1 Thaler
Silver 0.9000
mintage: 2,490,000
Mint: Dresden
MM: Gustav Theodor Fischer
Preceeded by: Frederick Augustus II of Saxony
Reign: 9/8/1854-29/10/1873
Succeeded by: Albert of Saxony

Titles: King of Saxony
Born: 12/12/1801
Died: 29/10/1873
Father: Maximilian, Prince of Saxony
Mother: Caroline of Bourbon, Princess of Parma
Married to: Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
Children: Maria Auguste Fredericka Karoline Ludovike Amalie Maximiliane Franziska Nepomucena Xaveria (1827-1857)
Albert of Saxony (1828-1902)
Maria Elisabeth Maximiliana Ludovika Amalie Franziska Sophia Leopoldine Anna Baptista Xaveria Nepomucena (1830-1912)
Frederick Augustus Ernst Ferdinand Wilhelm Ludwig Anton Nepomuk Maria Baptist Xaver Vincenz (1831-1847)
George of Saxony (1832-1904)
Maria Sidonia Ludovica Mathilde Wilhelmine Auguste Xaveria Baptista Nepomucena Veronica Hyacinthia Deodata (1834-1862)

Flag of Saxony 1815-1918 Location of Saxony
Coat of arms of Saxony

Johann I, King of Saxony, was born on December 12th 1801 and was the second son of Duke Maximilian or Saxony and of Princess Caroline of Parma. He studied jurisprudence and entered the Ministry of Finance in 1822 (he was nominated it's president in 1830. He was Commander-in-chief of the national guards of the kingdom from 1831-1846. He travelled substantially in Italy and published, under the name of "Philalethes" a German translation of Dante's "Divine Comedy". He suceeded to the throne at the death of his brother Fredreich August II, on August 9th 1854.

The royal house of Saxony was amongst the oldest of the royal families of Europe. A member of the family became emperor of Germany in the beginning of the 10th century, but the house spread into numerous branches the eldest of which is called the Ernestine line. This part of the family has decentents in the ruling families of Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe Coburg and Gotha, Saxe Meiningen and Saxe Weimar Eisenach.

Johann belongs to the younger, Albertine line and his family became catholics in 1697 in order to gain the crown of Poland at that time. Most of the population at the time, however, were protestants. The 1861 census put the population of his kingdom at:

Religion Number
Lutherans 2,175,392
Roman Catholics 41,363
Calvinists 4,515
German Catholics 1,722
Jews 1,555
Greek 460
Episcopialians 233

He had a civil list at the time of 863,575 thalers, which included a grant to the queen of 30,000 thalers, and the donations to the various prince and princes of 235,000 thalers. At the time of his reign the royal domains (consisting mostly of forests) was valued at 25,000,000 thalers, though they became the property of the state in 1830.

The army commanded by Johann I in 1863 consisted of: Click here

The military power of Saxony had deminished since 1815, when half of it's territory was ceded to Prussia.

The Kingdom was devided into four "Kreise" or circles. Figures from the 1861 census estimated that:

Region Area Population
Dresden 1,674 square miles 583,213
Leipzig 1,342 square miles 506,294
Zwickau 1,790 square miles 827,245
Bautzen 971 square miles 308,488
Saxony 6,777 square miles 2,225,240

The main towns of the period (1861) had the following number of inhabitants:

Town Population
Dresden 128,152
Leipzig 78,495
Chemnitz 45,432
Zwickau 20,492
Freiberg 17,488
Glauchau 16,586
Plauen 16,166
Meerane 13,626
Zittan 13,063

Other Pictures