1859 1 Thaler
Ob. IOHANN V. G. G. KOENIG VON SACHESEN
Rev. EIN VEREINSTHALER XXX EIN PFUND FEIN >br> Edge: GOTT SEGNE SACHEN
MM: Gustav Theodor Fischer
|Preceeded by:||Frederick Augustus II of Saxony|
|Succeeded by:||Albert of Saxony|
|Titles:||King of Saxony|
|Father:||Maximilian, Prince of Saxony|
|Mother:||Caroline of Bourbon, Princess of Parma|
|Married to:||Amalie Auguste of Bavaria|
|Children:|| Maria Auguste Fredericka Karoline Ludovike Amalie Maximiliane Franziska Nepomucena Xaveria (1827-1857)
Albert of Saxony (1828-1902)
Maria Elisabeth Maximiliana Ludovika Amalie Franziska Sophia Leopoldine Anna Baptista Xaveria Nepomucena (1830-1912)
Frederick Augustus Ernst Ferdinand Wilhelm Ludwig Anton Nepomuk Maria Baptist Xaver Vincenz (1831-1847)
George of Saxony (1832-1904)
Maria Sidonia Ludovica Mathilde Wilhelmine Auguste Xaveria Baptista Nepomucena Veronica Hyacinthia Deodata (1834-1862)
|Flag of Saxony 1815-1918||Location of Saxony|
Johann I, King of Saxony, was born on December 12th 1801 and was the second son of Duke Maximilian or Saxony and of Princess Caroline of Parma.
He studied jurisprudence and entered the Ministry of Finance in 1822 (he was nominated it's president in 1830.
He was Commander-in-chief of the national guards of the kingdom from 1831-1846.
He travelled substantially in Italy and published, under the name of "Philalethes" a German translation of Dante's "Divine Comedy".
He suceeded to the throne at the death of his brother Fredreich August II, on August 9th 1854.
The royal house of Saxony was amongst the oldest of the royal families of Europe. A member of the family became emperor of Germany in the beginning of the 10th century, but the house spread into numerous branches the eldest of which is called the Ernestine line. This part of the family has decentents in the ruling families of Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe Coburg and Gotha, Saxe Meiningen and Saxe Weimar Eisenach.
Johann belongs to the younger, Albertine line and his family became catholics in 1697 in order to gain the crown of Poland at that time. Most of the population at the time, however, were protestants. The 1861 census put the population of his kingdom at:
He had a civil list at the time of 863,575 thalers, which included a grant to the queen of 30,000 thalers, and the donations to the various prince and princes of 235,000 thalers. At the time of his reign the royal domains (consisting mostly of forests) was valued at 25,000,000 thalers, though they became the property of the state in 1830.
The army commanded by Johann I in 1863 consisted of: Click here
The military power of Saxony had deminished since 1815, when half of it's territory was ceded to Prussia.
The Kingdom was devided into four "Kreise" or circles. Figures from the 1861 census estimated that:
The main towns of the period (1861) had the following number of inhabitants: