Frederick William


Preceeded by: George, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Reign: 6/9/1860 -30/5/1904
Succeeded by: Adolphus Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Frederick William
1870 1 Thaler
Ob. FRIEDRICH WILH. V. G. G. GROSSH. V. MECKLEMB. STRL.
Rev. EIN VEREINSTHALER XXX EIN PF. F.
Edge: GOTT SCHIRME MECKLENBURG
Silver 0.9000
Weight: , 33mm
mintage: 50,000
Mint: unknown (likely Berlin)
MM:
Frederick William


Titles: Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Born: 17/10/1819
Died: 30/5/1904
Father: Grand Duke Georg of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Mother: Princess Marie of Hesse-Kassel
Married to: Princess Augusta of Cambridge
Children: Friedrich Wilhelm (1845)
Adolf Friedrich (1860-1904)
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Flag of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1864-1918 Location of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Coat of Arms of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Frederich Wilhelm I, Grand-duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was born on October 17th 1819 and was the son of Grand-duke George and Princess Marie of Hesse-Cassel. He succeeded the throne on September 6th 1860 after the death of his father.

The reigning house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was founded in 1701 by Duke Adolf Friederich II, youngest son of Duke Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. There being no law of primogeniture at the time, the Diet was unable to prevent the division of the country, which was protested against by subsequent dukes of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. The congress of Vienna permitted Duke Karl Friederich of Mecklenburg-Strelitz to adopt the title grand-duke even though the territory he ruled over was small.

He was however one of the wealthiest of the German sovereigns with more than half the country being his private property. An area of 7 square miles (and 10,000 inhabitants) was added to the newly created grand-duchy in 1815 but this was sold by Friederich Wilhelm’s father to Prussia in 1819 for 1 million thalers. The income the grand-duke got was estimated to be £230,000 per annum.

The country was divided into two provinces. The first, Stargard, had a Diet composed of landowners, while the second, Ratzeburg, had no representative institutions at all. The Stargard Diet occasionally joined the legislative assembly of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Only the possession of a “rittergut” or knights estate gave the right to a seat in the Diet, to which neither the towns nor rural populations sent any deputies. There were 62 proprietors in Stargard though only a small number ever took their seats

The executive was entirely in the hands of the Grand-duke and was exercised by him through a single minister of state – at the time a Freiherr Bernhard von Bulow.

The Grand-duchy did not have a budget as such. The entire revenue went to the Grand-duke. The territory covered some 997 square miles and the total population was estimated to be 99,060.


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