Bernhard II


Preceeded by: George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Reign: 1803-1866
Succeeded by: Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

Bernhard II
1859 1 Thaler
Ob. BERNHARD HERZOG ZU SACHSEN MEININGEN
(HELFRICHT on truncation)
Rev. EIN VEREINSTHALER XXX EIN PFUND FEIN
Edge: FIDELITER ET CONSTANTER
Silver 0.9000
18.520g
mintage: 40,000
Mint:
Bernhard II

Titles: Duke of Sachsen-Meiningen (1803-1866)
Born: 17/12/1800
Died: 3/12/1882
Father: George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Mother: Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Married to: Princess Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel
Children: Georg II, Duke of Sachsen-Meiningen (1826-1914)
Augusta Luise Adelaide Karoline Ida (1843-1919)
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Flag of Sachsen-Meiningen
Location of Sachsen-Meiningen
Coat of Arms of Sachsen-Meiningen


Bernard II was born on December 17th 1800 and ruled Saxe-Meiningen from 1803 until his abdication in 1866 (September 20th), just three years after the Frankfurt meeting.
He had suceeded his father when he was only 3 years old, and his mother the dowager Dutchess Luise Eleonore acted as regent until he reached 21.

The line of Saxe-Meiningen was founded by Duke Bernhard, third son of Ernst I of Saxony, surnamed” the Pious”, who was also a close friend of the King of Sweden. The duchy was only one-third of the size seen in 1863 until 1826 when by extinction of a family the lands of Hildburghausen and Saalfeld fell to Saxe-Meiningen.

The duke had a civil income of £18,750 and he was nominated by William IV of Great Britain in 1831 for investiture as a Knight of the garter.

The charter of the duchy bore the date of August 23 1829. It provided for a legislative organisation consisting of a chamber of 24 representatives. Eight of those were elected by the nobility, 8 by the inhabitants of the towns and 8 from those from rural districts. The chamber met every three years and new elections took place every 6 years. A small property was necessary to become a member.

The duchy extends over 933 square miles and had a population in 1861 of 172,341, who were almost exclusively Protestant.

During the Austria-Prussian war he sided with the Habsburgs of Austria, who ultimately lost the war. The decision lost Bernard the duchy and on 20th September 1866 he was forced to abdicate all the territories to this only son George and spend his remaining days as a private citizen.

The army commanded by Bernard II in 1863 consisted of: Click here


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