|Preceeded by:||Aloys II, Prince of Lichtenstein|
|Reign:||12/11/1858 - 11/2/1929|
|Succeeded by:||Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein|
1862 1 Thaler (restrike)
Ob. JOHANN II FRUST ZU LIECHTENSTEIN
Rev. EIN VEREINSTHALER XXX EIN PFUND FEIN
Edge: KLAR UND FEST
MM: Official restrike authorised by Franz Joseph II in 1968 and struck by Motek Horowicz & Co.
|Titles:||Prince of Lichtenstein|
|Father:||Aloys II, Prince of Lichtenstein|
|Mother:||Countess Franziska Kinsky|
Johann II, Prince of Lichtenstein was born on October 5th 1840, the son of Prince Aloys and Princess Francisca and he succeeded the throne on November
12th 1858 after the death of his father.
The family is said to derive its orign (together with the reigning houses of the UK and Brunswick) from Longobard Marquis d'Este who married Cunizza, a Suabian heiress at the start of the 11th century. Partly on account of the antiquity of the family and partly because of its immense wealth, the Congress of Vienna left the lands of Lichtenstein alone as well as its sovereignty. The ruling houses of Germany did somewhat exclude the rulers of Lichtenstein from their circles as they perceived that the principality had received special treatment. Therefore at the time of the photograph there were no blood alliances with any of the other houses.
At the time Johann II allied him self closely with Austria. The geography of the principality meant that Austria was the only member of the Confederation that bordered it. The ruling family had large estates in Austria (in Moravia) which covered some 2,200 square miles and had 350,000 inhabitants and which yielded some £550,000 annually. Johann II derived no revenue from the principality and his father actually had to advance funds to the inhabitants of the principality.
Johann II normally resided at the Castle of Eisgrub / Lednice or in Vienna, but also spent part of his time in Vaduz the capital of Lichtenstein The ruling family and the population of the principality are all Roman Catholic.
The army commanded by Johann II in 1863 consisted of: Click here