Maximilian II


Preceeded by: Ludwig I of Bavaria
Reign: 20/3/1847-10/3/1864
Succeeded by: Ludwig II of Bavaria

Maximilian II
1861 1 Thaler
Ob. MAXIMILIAN II KOENIG V. BAYERN
(G. VOIGT on truncation)
Rev. EIN VEREINSTHALER XXX EIN PFUND FEIN
Edge: GOTT SEGNE BAYERN
Silver 0.9000
18.520g
mintage: 2,682,000
Mint: Munich
MM: ?
Maximilian II


Titles: King of Bavaria
Born: 28/11/1811
Died: 10/3/1864
Father: Ludwig I
Mother: Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Married to: Marie Friederike Franziska Hedwig (1842)
Children: Ludwig II
Otto
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Flag of Bavaria 1388-1918 Location of Bavaria
Coat of arms of Bavaria

Maximilian II was born on November 28th 1811 and ruled Bavaria from 1848 until his death on March 10th 1864. As a young man he studied in Gottingen and Berlin and travelled in Italy and Greece.

Bavaria first became a kingdom in 1805 when Maximilian Joseph was raised to that rank by Napoleon, the elevation being acknowledged at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. The soverign's income from the civil list amounted to 248,817 per annum and was strictly supervised after King Ludwig had extracted vast sums from the treasury in previous decades without accounting for them. He was introduced to the council of state in 1836 and showed strong acedemic leanings. He was heard to have commented that had he not been born a prince he would have become a professor. He lived in Hohenschwangau near Fussen as a crown Prince, gathering acedemics around him rather than politicians or the usual court attendants.

Maximilian favoured Austria in the Austrian Prussian tussel for supremacy of the German States. He wanted to maintain a union of Princes, not least to provide a large enough buffer entity to mediate between Austria and Prussia, this third entity called the Trias.. At the Frankfurt meeting he supported Austira's proposed reform. Maximilian died shortly after the Frankfurt meeting and in buried in the Theatinerkirche in Munich.

The army commanded by Maximilian II in 1863 consisted of: Click here

The 1861 census put the population breakdown at as follows
Religion Number
Lutherans 906,386
Roman Catholics 3,176,333
Calvinists 2,431
Unitarians 325,077
Jews 56,033
Greek 5,560
Episcopialians 233


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