Leopold IV


Preceeded by: Leopold III, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau
Reign: Duke of Anhalt-Dessau 1817-1871
Succeeded by: Friedrich I, Duke of Anhalt

Leopold IV
1870 1 Thaler
Ob. LEOPOLD FRIEDRICH HERZOG VON ANHALT
Rev. HERZOGTHUM ANHALT GETHEILT 1603 VEREINT 1863 EIN THALER 30 EIN PF.F.
Edge: GOTT SEGNE ANHALT
Silver 0.9000
Weight: 18.52g, 33mm
mintage: 50,000
Mint: Berlin
MM:
Leopold IV


Preceeded by: Alexander Carl, Duke of Anhalt Bernburg
Reign: Duke of Anhalt Bernburg 1863-1871
Succeeded by: Friedrich I, Duke of Anhalt

Titles: Duke of Anhalt
Born: 1/10/1794
Died: 22/5/1871
Father: Alexius Frederick Christian, Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg
Mother: Maria Fredericka, daughter of William I, Elector of Hesse.
Married to: Fredericka Karoline Juliane of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg,
Children: Princess Agnes (24/6/1824)
Prince Friederich (29/4/1831)
Princess Marie (14/9/1837)
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At the time of the Frankfurt meeting Alexander Karl had just died. He was the last of his line and the duchy was subsumed into a greater Anhalt in 1863 and ruled over by Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau.

Leopold was invested in this role only the day before this meeting so it is unsurprising he did not attend.

Leopold was born on October 1st 1794, the son of Prince Friederich af Anhalt-Dessau and Princess Amalia of Hesse-Homburg.

The Dukes of Anhalt could trace their line back to Bernhard, son of Albert the Bear, Margrave of Brandenburg, who died in 1211. The family over the centuries, split into numerous branches all of which reduced to Leopold. When the German Confederation was established in 1815 there were three branches of the family, namely the Duke of Anhalt-Cothen, the Duke of Anhalt-Benburg and the Duke of Anhalt-Dessau. The first of these lines to become extinct was Anhalt-Cothen in 1847, followed by Anhalt-Benburg in 1863, leaving Anhalt-Dessau as the sole remaining Duke – thus reverting to simply Duke of Anhalt.

Leopold received a civil list of some 198,250 thalers per annum (£29,737). Privately he owned nearly 200 square miles in Saxony, Eastern Prussia and the Crimea.

On October 29th 1848 a charter was given to the duchy which was later repealed by decree of the sovereign (1851). A new constitution was proclaimed on Sept 17th 1859, which allowed only nominal representation of the people and leaving nearly all of the legislative as well as the executive in the hands of the Government.

The duchy covered some 689 square miles and nearly all of the 181,824 inhabitants were Protestant.

The army in 1863, as the duchy of Anhalt-Dessau, consisted of: Click here


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