|Preceeded by:||Christian VIII of Denmark|
|Succeeded by:||Christian IX of Denmark|
| Frederik VII |
Ob. FREDERICVS VII D.G. DANIAE V.G. REX
Rev. 2 REIGSDALER 9 1/4 ST: = 1 M ES
Silver 0.9170 28.8930g
MM: Frederik Christopher Krohn
|Titles:||King of Denmark|
|Father:||Christian VIII of Denmark|
|Mother:||Duchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin|
|Married to:|| Princess Vilhelmine Marie of Denmark 1828-1834
Caroline Charlotte Mariane of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1841-1846
Lovisa Christina Rasmussen 1850-
Frederick who was the last king of the older branch of the Oldenburg dynasty had a rather neglected childhood after the divorce of his parents.
His youth was marked by private scandals and for many years he appeared as the ”problem child” of the royal family. |
When he succeeded to the throne January 1848 he was almost at once met by the demand for a constitution. Besides the Schleswig-Holsteiners wanted an independent state while the Danes wished to maintain South Jutland as a Danish area. The king soon yielded to the Danish demands, and in March he accepted the end of absolutism, which resulted in the first June Constitution of 1849. During the First War of Schleswig against the German powers in 1848–51 Frederick appeared as ”the national leader” and was regarded almost as a war hero despite having never taken any active part in the struggles.
During his reign Frederick as a whole behaved as a constitutional monarch. However he did not quite give up interfering in politics. In 1854 contributed to the fall of the strongly conservative Ørsted Cabinet and 1859–60 he accepted a liberal government which was appointed on the initiative of his wife. During the crisis in the Duchies 1862–63 shortly before his death he also openly spoke for an inter-Scandinavian military co-operation. Those minor crises created frictions and maintained some permanent insecurity but it did not damage his general popularity. In some of these affairs he overstepped the mark beyond any doubt; on the other hand the first Danish constitution was somewhat vague as regards to the limits of royal power.
The rule of Frederick was also the golden age of the National Liberal Party which was in office from 1854. This period was marked by some political and economic reforms, such as beginning the demolition of the walls around Copenhagen and the introduction of free trade in 1857. The constant quarrels with the opposition regarding the Schleswig-Holstein Question and the German demands of not trying to unite Denmark with Schleswig (South Jutland) led to some changes to the constitution in order to fit the foreign political situation which created frustration in Denmark. The National Liberals therefore at last favored a more resistant course against the Germans which led to the Second War of Schleswig in 1864. The king wholeheartedly supported this course and just before his sudden death he was prepared to sign a new special constitution for Denmark and Schleswig (the so-called November Constitution).
Frederick VII died in Glücksburg in 1863, shortly after this meeting took place, so one can speculate that he was too unwell to travel for it. He was interred in Roskilde Cathedral.
The army commanded by Frederik VII in 1863 consisted of: Click here